The Museum's rich Prehistoric collections – from the Early Stone Age to the Late Iron Age – stem predominantly from the land around Frankfurt, such as Neolithic settlements (Praunheim, Höchst, Niedereschbach), Bronze Age finds: graves (the city forest) and treasure trove, Iron Age graves (tumuli and cremations) as well as settlements (e.g. the late-Celtic Oppidum Goldgrube near Oberursel).

In parts of the transept, our exhibits reflect the themes of important aspects of prehistoric development in Central Europe: the primary importance of obtaining food in the Stone Age, as well as the technical developments and novelties of the Metal Ages. The beginnings of trade, and the almost incomprehensible cultic religious ideas - all are examined archaeologically. The grave of an early Celtic prince from Eichlehen is a key Frankfurt find touching the question of the increase in social differentiation after the Bronze and Iron Ages.